The world has a substantial amount of nuclear material used for civilian applications, such as energy and radiology, which the international community must keep from falling into terrorist hands. To that end, the Netherlands hosted the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit, the third such summit of more than 50 representatives working to prevent nuclear terrorism around the world.
The Nuclear Security Summit is an initiative of President Barack Obama. The first summit was held in Washington in 2010, the second in Seoul in 2012, and the third in the Hague in 2014. The final summit will take place in Washington, D.C. in the spring of 2016.
During the 2014 summit, several new agreements were made:
- Reduce the amount of dangerous nuclear material in the world that terrorists could use to make a nuclear weapon (highly enriched uranium and plutonium);
- improve the security of radioactive material (including low-enriched uranium) that can be used to make a dirty bomb;
- improve the international exchange of information and international cooperation.
The Netherlands will continue to work with the international community to safeguard nuclear material.